The Prague Castle is undoubtedly the largest dominant feature of the capital, and at the same time it is the most significant historical monument in the whole of the Czech Republic. The Castle was established around 880 AD by Prince Bořivoj of the Přemyslovci family and currently it takes up an area of nearly 70,000 m² and is included in the UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage List. Some of the most interesting parts of this historical monument are the St. Vitus Cathedral, the Old Royal Palace, the Golden Lane, St. George's Basilica and the Rožmberk Palace. The Prague Castle offers a number of guided tours to the visitors. For tickets and more information click here.
Old Town Square
If you visit Prague, definitely stop at the Old Town Square, where many events take place all throughout the year. If there are no Christmas, Easter or Farmers' markets at the moment, you can visit one of the dominant features of the area. The most significant ones are definitely the Prague astronomical clock that attracts visitors from all over the world, the Old Town Hall, the Jan Hus Memorial, the Kinský Palace and the Prague Meridian. Sport events participated in by the Czech teams are projected here as well.
Charles Bridge is the oldest preserved bridge over the Vltava River in Prague and the second oldest one in the Czech Republic. Charles Bridge replaced the previous Judita's Bridge, torn down by flood in 1342 during spring ice melting. The construction of the new bridge started in 1357, under the patronage of King Charles IV and was completed in 1402. Thanks to the stone bridge, Prague also became an important stop on European trade routes. After the end of the 17th century, 30 mostly Baroque statues and sculpture groups were gradually placed on the bridge. Originally, it used to be called “stone” or “Prague” bridge. The name “Charles Bridge” only became common around 1870.
Vyšehrad is a historic fort located on the rock above the right bank of the Vltava River in the Vyšehrad quarter in Prague. Famous Czech personalities, such as the composers Bedřich Smetana and Antonín Dvořák, painters Alfons Mucha and Mikoláš Aleš and others are buried at the Vyšehrad cemetery with the Slavín tomb by the Basilica of St Peter and St Paul. The oldest rotunda in Prague, St Martin's Rotunda, is also located here. Since 1962, the Vyšehrad area has been a national cultural monument. Vyšehrad is a part of the legend of Knight Horymír, who was held captive there at the time of Prince Křesomysl. His last wish before death was to take the last ride with his faithful horse Šemík. It didn't help that Křesomysl had all the gates closed. Šemík jumped over the walls with Horymír and jumped straight into Vltava. Horymír saved himself, but the brave Šemík died because of the jump.
Dancing House / Ginger and Fred
The Dancing House, or Ginger and Fred, originally and officially the Nationale Nederlanden Building, completed in 1996, is located in Prague on the right bank of the Vltava River, on the corner of Rašín Embankment (Rašínovo nábřeží) and the Jirásek Square (Jiráskovo náměstí). Its name is based on the shape of its two corner towers, inspired by the famous inter-war dance couple Fred Astar and Ginger Rogers. The Dancing House was designed by Vlado Milunić, along with Frank O. Gehry, who was invited to the project by the investor. The interior of the investor's offices were partly entrusted to a British architect of Czech origin, Eva Jiřičná. There is a café and a restaurant with a beautiful view of Prague on the upper floors. Art exhibitions are often held in the gallery on the ground floor. For more information click here.